Carbon Steel Plate

Standard: ASTM A36, ASTM A283, ASTM A572, ASTM A656, JIS G3101 SS400, EN10025-2, DIN 17100, DIN 17102, GB/T700, GB/T1591

Surface Treatment: Oiled, black painted, shot blasted, hot dipped galvanized

Carbon steel is an alloy consisting of iron and carbon. Several other elements are allowed in carbon steel, with low maximum percentages. These elements are manganese, with a 1.65% maximum, silicon, with a 0.60% maximum, and copper, with a 0.60% maximum. Other elements may be present in quantities too small to affect its properties.

There are four types of carbon steel based on the amount of carbon present in the alloy. Lower carbon steels are softer and more easily formed, and steels with a higher carbon content are harder and stronger, but less ductile, and they become more difficult to machine and weld. Below are the properties of the grades of carbon steel we supply:

Low Carbon Steel – Composition of 0.05%-0.25% carbon and up to 0.4% manganese. Also known as mild steel, it is a low-cost material that is easy to shape. While not as hard as higher-carbon steels, carburizing can increase its surface hardness.
Medium Carbon Steel – Composition of 0.29%-0.54% carbon, with 0.60%-1.65% manganese. Medium carbon steel is ductile and strong, with long-wearing properties.
High Carbon Steel – Composition of 0.55%-0.95% carbon, with 0.30%-0.90% manganese. It is very strong and holds shape memory well, making it ideal for springs and wire.
Very High Carbon Steel - Composition of 0.96%-2.1% carbon. Its high carbon content makes it an extremely strong material. Due to its brittleness, this grade requires special handling.

Taking A36 Applications as An Example

ASTM A36 Carbon Structural Steel Plate Application Fields
Machinery Parts Frames Fixtures Bearing Plates Tanks Bins Bearing Plates Forgings
 Base Plates Gears Cams Sprockets Jigs Rings Templates Fixtures
ASTM A36 Steel Plate Fabrication Options
Cold Bending Mild Hot Forming Punching Machining Welding Cold Bending Mild Hot Forming Punching

A36 Chemical Composition:

ASTM A36 Hot Rolled Steel Plate Chemical Compostion
Element content
Carbon, C 0.25 - 0.290 %
Copper, Cu 0.20 %
Iron, Fe 98.0 %
Manganese, Mn 1.03 %
Phosphorous, P 0.040 %
Silicon, Si 0.280 %
Sulfur, S 0.050 %

A36 Mechanical Property:

ASTM A36 Hot Rolled Steel Plate
Mechanical Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile Strength, Ultimate 400 - 550 MPa 58000 - 79800 psi
Tensile Strength, Yield 250 MPa 36300 psi
Elongation at Break (in 200 mm) 20.0 % 20.0 %
Elongation at Break (in 50 mm) 23.0 % 23.0 %
Modulus of Elasticity 200 GPa 29000 ksi
Bulk Modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Poissons Ratio 0.260 0.260
Shear Modulus 79.3 GPa 11500 ksi